CBD Oil for Immune System

An overwhelming amount of evidence supports the fact that CBD offers properties that drastically affect the immune system. It suppresses various immune cell types, induces cell death, promotes the use of regulatory cells, and controls the targets of the immune cells. The immune system is the body’s first line of defense and is essential for its survival. We would not be able to ward off the multitude of attacks that we receive from viruses, bacteria, and anything else that can damage our body. It’s a complex network that efficiently mounts a defense against anything deemed foreign whether it’s a pathogen that could cause us harm or a faulty or dead cell of our own. It doesn’t just protect it also work in conjunction with the other systems in the body to walk the fine line of maintaining balance. As with every other component in the body, issues can arise that can cause a vast array of illnesses; however, organic CBD oil helps to rebalance the immune system and ease the symptoms that may appear with malfunctions.

How does the immune system work?

The immune system is designed to recognize any antigen that is floating around in the body. It is fascinating with its ability to distinguish between self and non-self, as well as dead cells that need disposed of. To understand how CBD oil will help it in its endeavors, we first need to analyze what roles its components play in the process. They rely on a complex communication between its parts that include:

  • Spleen – this organ filters blood.
  • Thymus – primary organ of the immune system where lymphocytes (T cells) mature.
  • Bone marrow – produces red blood cells (RBCs)
  • Lymph nodes – glands linked by lymphatic vessels that destroy and filter pathogens.
  • Skin – this is the largest organ of the body and the true first line of defense.
  • Mucous membranes – thin, soft tissue lining the entrances to the body from the external environment.
  • Leukocytes – white blood cells (WBCs) that circulate in the blood and lymph vessels looking for pathogens and sending signals requesting other cell types that help fight. the two main WBCs are:
    • Phagocytes – surround and absorb pathogens to break them down.
    • Lymphocytes – helps body remember previously fought off pathogens so they can rid the body of them if they are found in the system again.

How does the immune system respond?

While the body recognizes and disposes of things that are meant to harm us, it can also recognize past invaders and destroy those quicker. Three immune responses exist, which are:

  • Innate immunity
    • We are all born with a variety of general, non-specific immunity with the skin and mucous membranes. If it gets past one of these two, the other forms of immunity kick in.
  • Adaptive (acquired) immunity
    • This immunological memory protects the body from pathogens and develops progressively throughout someone’s lifetime as we are exposed to diseases or get immunizations. Immunizations are the introduction of weakened pathogens or antigens into the body where the person doesn’t get sick but allows the body to keep replicas of the antibodies formed against them.
  • Passive immunity
    • This temporary immunity is borrowed from elsewhere, such as when a baby relies on the protection of their mother’s antibodies for a short term after birth.

What imbalances can occur in the immune system?

Humans worry about boosting their immune system to prevent the interruption of their daily lives, so when it is the process that is malfunctioning, the whole body is affected. Some immune system disorders include:

  • Immunodeficiencies
    • This is when one or more of the immune system’s components fail to operate as designed. Causes can be found in age, obesity, alcoholism, and other reasons, such as AIDS and malnutrition. Issues can also be inherited.
  • Autoimmunity
    • Autoimmune disorders consist of over 80 chronic and debilitating conditions that affect up to 23.5 million Americans. The body cannot distinguish between self and non-self and attacks its own healthy cells.
  • Hypersensitivity
    • An overreaction of the immune system that damages healthy tissue, such as anaphylactic shock. This is an example where the body’s response to an allergen is so strong that it becomes life-threatening.

What is the ECS (endocannabinoid system)?

The ECS’s role is a complex system that is essential in maintaining balance throughout the body. It regulates a variety of functions that include:

The ECS is responsible for homeostasis, which is defined as a relatively stable equilibrium between independent elements. Its job is to ensure that not only is each system functioning optimally, but that the communication between each system is as well. It’s a complex group of cell receptors and paired molecules, called endocannabinoids, that either bind to or react with them for a specific result. Research continues but there are two recognized receptors. Some cells have both types, but many are concentrated in specific area.

  1. CB1 receptors
    1. Located throughout the body but concentrated in the spinal cord and brain, the areas associated with the certain behaviors that they impact. Binding to receptors in or near the hypothalamus controls appetite, and binding to the amygdala relates to emotions and memories. These are also on nerve endings so help to reduce pain. Some of the control when CB1 receptors are activated include:
      1. Decreased nausea
      2. Increased appetite
      3. Tumor inhibition
      4. Adjustment of anxiety and stress
      5. Immune system balancing
  1. CB2 receptors
      1. Mostly on the immune cells and peripheral nervous system used to begin an immune system response to reduce damage to tissue and inflammation, which is increasingly being shown to have a significant role in a wide array of medical conditions and diseases.

How does CBD oil interact with the body?

Endo refers to being made naturally in the body, so an endocannabinoid is the mediator, or messenger, that activates the receptors. The cannabis and hemp plants consist of hundreds of cannabinoids, the two most prevalent being CBD and THC. THC is the component that created the stigma of the “high, resulting in the use of the cannabis plant being made illegal for both medicinal and recreational purposes. CBD is increasingly being researched and offers a plethora of benefits without the psychoactive effects.

Phyto refers to being naturally made in a plant, so phytocannabinoids are extracted from the cannabis plant. These cannabinoids bind to or activate the receptors in the human body in the same way that the naturally occurring endocannabinoids do. They follow a reverse pathway so that they are highly effective when other remedies have proven ineffective. Fascinatingly, CBD is known as an immunomodulator, which means that helps to specifically support immune responses so that antibodies work as efficiently as possible. Everyone wants to feel that youthfulness that we took for granted before either being injured or being diagnosed with an immune disfunction, and CBD oil may be the remedy for which everyone who doesn’t feel quite right has yearned for!

References:

  1. https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/can.2018.0073#B89%20B90%20B91
  2. https://www.gene.com/stories/autoimmune-disease-101
  3. http://www.femilyane-biorga.com/en/experts/understanding-mucous-membranes/

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